Migrant rights initiative

Legal personhood

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Protection. Does the country protect this right for migrants in national law?


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All migrants have the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law. That all persons are entitled to equality before and protection of the law is a fundamental tenet of human rights law. The MRD evaluates this right by measuring, among other things, whether identity documents may be confiscated by anyone other than an authorized public official. Austria, Denmark, Germany, Israel, Mexico, the Netherlands, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Spain,...

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The Migrant Rights Initiative conducts cutting-edge, interdisciplinary research on the human rights of migrants and then fosters opportunities for innovative action that reshapes the way governments treat people who cross international borders. Our Migrant Rights Database (MRD) evaluates how countries protect and implement 17 categories of rights according to 65 standardized indicators, based on the Initiative’s International Migrants Bill of Rights (IMBR).

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